India after extreme political and social struggle attained independence on August 15th, 1947. For a considerable period of time, India was ruled by Britishers which came to an end because of the spirit of nationalism among Indians. The immense struggle of our national leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabh Bhai Patel and many others made the dream of independent India a reality. These leaders fought for the rights of Indian people as Britishers were ruthless with them.
The Indian Independence movement started before 1857 until the day it got independence. The national leaders committed itself to Purna Swaraj in 1930, and many mass struggles took place for many years. The real battle started with Non-cooperation movement which declared the intentions of billions of Indians. It was followed by another movement called Civil disobedience movement.
The real momentum came with the second world war when Britishers denied to leave India after the Congress cooperated with them in their war efforts. The Congress, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, started a movement called “Quit India Movement” in 1942. After efforts and struggle of several leaders, freedom fighters, politicians and many others, Britishers realized that it was not possible to rule India anymore and they decided to leave.
The Indian Independence movement involved various different strategies like Non-violent protests, revolutionary acts of violence, diplomatic talks, Foreign supports, etc. Some prominent leaders of this movement are Mahatma Gandhi, Sri Aurobindo, Ali Jinnah, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sir Muhammad Iqbal, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bhagat Singh, Sri Jagadish Chandra Bose and many others who contributed to the successful establishment of Independent India. There were widespread communal rioting at several places in India between Hindus and Muslims which led to the partition of India. We are about to celebrate the 70th independence day and even today we are thankful to the great leaders who invested their blood and sweat for our country.