Kargil Vijay Diwas
Named after the victorious Operation, VijayKargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated in India on 26 July. India victoriously took command of the high outposts which had been lost to Pakistan, on this date in 1999. The Kargil war was battled for over 60 days, finished on 26 July and brought about the death toll on both sides.
The war finished with India recapturing control of all the previously held territory, henceforth restoring the status quo antebellum. Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 26 July in respect for the Kargil War’s Heroes.
This day is celebrated in the Kargil–Dras area and the national capital New Delhi, where the Prime Minister of India pays respect to the heroes of war at Amar JawanJyoti at India Gate each year. Functions are additionally organized everywhere throughout the nation to remember the contributions of the armed forces.
After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, there had been an extensive stretch with generally few direct armed clashes including the military powers of the two neighbors – despite the endeavors of the two countries to control the Siachen Glacier by building up military outposts on the encompassing mountains ridges and the subsequent military encounters during the 1980s.
During the 1990s, be that as it may, heightening tensions and conflict because of separatist exercises in Kashmir, some of which were upheld by Pakistan, just as the conduction of nuclear tests by the two nations in 1998, prompted an undeniably belligerent atmosphere. While trying to defuse the circumstance, the two nations signed the Lahore Declaration in February 1999, promising to give a serene and respective solution for the Kashmir conflict.
Throughout the winter of 1998–1999, a few components of the Pakistani Armed Forces were clandestinely preparing and sending Pakistani troops and paramilitary forces, some supposedly in the pretense of mujahideen, into the region on the Indian side of the line of control (LOC). The invasion was code-named “Operation Badr”. The objective of the Pakistani attack was to cut off the connection among Kashmir and Ladakh and cause Indian forces to pull back from the Siachen Glacier, in this manner compelling India to negotiate a settlement of the broader Kashmir issue.
Pakistan likewise believed that any tension in the area would internationalize the Kashmir issue, helping it to save rapid resolution. One more objective may have been to support the morale of the decade-long resistance in the Indian State of Kashmir by playing a proactive job.
At first, with little information of the nature or extent of the penetration, the Indian troops in the zone thought that the infiltrators were jihadis and pronounced that they would oust them inside a couple of days. Resulting revelation of invasion somewhere else along the LOC, alongside the distinction in strategies utilized by the infiltrators, made the Indian armed force understand that the plan of attack was on a lot greater scale. The all-out region seized by the entrance is commonly acknowledged to between 130 km² – 200 km².
The Government of India reacted with Operation Vijay, a preparation of 200,000 Indian troops. The war came at an official end on July 26, 1999, in this manner making it as Kargil Vijay Diwas.
During the war, 527 soldiers from Indian Armed Forces lost their lives.